PENGETAHUAN PEDAGOGI KANDUNGAN

PCK 1

 

Soil Ecosystems data collation (PCK 1)

 

Activity

 

Complete the following tables.

 

Site Characteristic

Site 1

Site 2

type of vegetation

 

 

level of shade

 

 

soil dryness/dampness

 

 

soil pH

 

 

soil compactness

 

 

soil texture (sandy, heavy clay etc)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1

 

 

(a)  larger macrofauna

Macrofauna Order

or group

 

number @ location 1

 

soil volume = ____

number @ location 2

 

soil volume = ____

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 2

(b)  smaller macrofauna

 

Macrofauna Order

or group

 

number @ location 1

 

soil volume = ____

number @ location 2

 

soil volume = ____

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 3

 

Use results from Table 2 and 3 and calculate the number of Orders or groups per litre of soil and leaf litter, and the numbers of individuals from each Order or group per litre of soil and leaf litter.

 

Macrofauna

location 1

 

location 2

 

number of Orders or groups per litre of soil/litter

 

 

 

 

 

 

eg. no. individuals of group B per litre of soil/litter

 

15

7

     no. individuals of per litre of soil/litter

 

 

 

     no. individuals of   per litre of soil/litter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 4

ILMU PEDAGOGI KANDUNGAN (PCK )1

 

Pengumpulan Data Ekosistem Tanah

 

Arahan:

  1. Lengkapkan jadual-jadual berikut:

 

Ciri-ciri Lokasi

Lokasi 1

Lokasi 2

Jenis tanaman

 

 

tahap naungan

 

 

Kelembapan/Kekeringan Tanah

 

 

pH Tanah

 

 

Kemampatan Tanah

 

 

Tekstur Tanah (pasir, liat dll)

 

 

Jadual 1

 

 

a. Makrofauna Terbesar

Order atau Kumpulan Makrofauna

 

Bilangan @ lokasi 1

isipadu tanah = ____

Bilangan @ lokasi 2

isipadu tanah = ____

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jadual 2

 

b. Makrofauna terkecil

 

Order atau Kumpulan Makrofauna

 

Bilangan @ lokasi 1

 

isipadu tanah = ____

Bilangan @ lokasi 2

 

isipadu tanah = ____

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jadual 3

Guna keputusan dari Jadual 2 dan 3 dan kira bilangan order atau kumpulan seliter

tanah dan litupan daun, dan bilangan individu dari setiap order atau kumpulan seliter

tanah dan litupan daun.

Makrofauna

lokasi 1

 

lokasi 2

 

bilangan Order atau kumpulan seliter tanah/litupan

 

 

 

 

 

 

contoh: bil individu kum. B seliter tanah/litupan

 

15

7

     bil. individu seliter tanah/litupan

 

 

 

     bil. individu seliter tanah/litupan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAKSIRAN:

 

RUJUKAN;

1. http://soils.usda.gov/sqy/concepts/soil_biology/Create soil food web

2. Coyne M.S. 1999. Soil Microbiology. Delmar Publishers. Ch. 4 The macrofauna.

3. Soil Biology Primer [online]. http://soils.usda.gov/sqi/concepts/soil_biology/

Chapter 1 The soil food web (Jaringan makanan Tanah)

Chapter 2 The food web and soil health (Jaringan makanan dan Kesihatan

Tanah)

 

PENGETAHUAN PEDAGOGI KANDUNGAN 2 (PCK 2)

 

Pembentangan Pemuliharaan ex-situ

 

Tugasan

Lawati satu Zoo (Zoological Garden) atau Taman Botani (Botanical Garden) . Jika anda tidak dapat berbuat demikian, lawatilah Zoo Maya (virtual zoo) atau Taman Maya (virtual garden) dalam laman sesawang. Antara laman sesawangnya adalah seperti berikut:-

Zoos

 

IUCN Conservation Breeding Specialist Group : (go to the Global Zoo Diresctory)

http://www.cbsg.org/

 

South East Asian Zoos Association

http://www.seaza.org/

 

American Zoo & Aquarium Association :  

http://aza.org/

 

ZooNet (International Index) :

http://www.mindspring.com/~zoonet/www_virtual_lib/zoos.html

 

Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum :

http://www.desertmuseum.org/

 

Australian Museum

http://www.amonline.net.au/thylacine/index2.htm

 

San Diego Zoo

http://www.sandiegozoo.org/

 

 

Gardens/Plants

 

http://www.mobot.org/CPC/welcome.html

 

http://www.rbgkew.org.uk:80/conservation/index.html

 

http://www.florabank.org.au/

 

http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/BGCI/australi.htm

 

http://www.rbgsyd.gov.au/

 

http://www.rbg.ca/cbcn/

 

http://www.anbg.gov.au/chabg/newsletter/3-july-02/

 

 

Botanical Gardens in Malaysia

 

Rimba IImu Botanic Garden

http://rimba.um.edu.my/

 

Penang Botanic Gardens

http://www.sukpp.gov.my/KebunBunga/main.html

 

Botanic Gardens Conservation International

http://www.bgci.org.uk/botanic_gardens/Fruit_germplasm_collection_Malaysia.html

 

http://www.bgci.org.uk/conservation/Conservation_Rimba_ilmu?Malaysia.html

 

 

http://www.wcs.org/

 

http://www.edf.org/

 

http://www.defenders.org/

 

http://www.wri.org/wri/wri.html

 

http://www.iucn.org/

 

http://www.unep-wcmc.org/

 

http://www.environment.gov.au/

 

http://www.dse.vic.gov.au/

 

 

Dalam kumpulan tidak lebih dari tiga orang, sediakan 10 minit pembentangan dalam kelas anda. di mana anda menerangkan bagaimana kemandirian sesuatu tumbuhan dan haiwan yang anda perhatikan dari strategi pemuliharaan ex- situ. jika boleh gunakan sebarang imej bagi menjelaskan lagi pembentangan anda.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rujukan;

 

Burgman M.A. & Lindenmayer D.B (1998) Conservation Biology for the Australian Environment. Surrey Beatty & Sons. Chapter 2 What should be conserved ? sections 2.1-2.5.

 

Primack R.B. (2002) Essentials of Conservation Biology 3rd edition. Sinauer Associates, Publishers. Chapter 2 What is biological diversity pp 27-33.

 

Primack, R.B. (1998). Essentials of Conservation Biology 2nd edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts. Chapter 14 “Ex situ Conservation Strategies”

PCK 2

 

ex-situ Conservation Presentation

 

 

The task

 

Visit a Zoological Garden or a Botanical Garden (or a regional zoo/fauna park/garden). If you cannot get to one, visit a “virtual zoo” or “virtual garden” on the web.

 

Websites

Follow the links to other sites *

 

Zoos

 

IUCN Conservation Breeding Specialist Group : (go to the Global Zoo Diresctory)

http://www.cbsg.org/

 

South East Asian Zoos Association

http://www.seaza.org/

 

American Zoo & Aquarium Association :  

http://aza.org/

 

ZooNet (International Index) :

http://www.mindspring.com/~zoonet/www_virtual_lib/zoos.html

 

Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum :

http://www.desertmuseum.org/

 

Australian Museum

http://www.amonline.net.au/thylacine/index2.htm

 

San Diego Zoo

http://www.sandiegozoo.org/

 

 

Gardens/Plants

 

http://www.mobot.org/CPC/welcome.html

 

http://www.rbgkew.org.uk:80/conservation/index.html

 

http://www.florabank.org.au/

 

http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/BGCI/australi.htm

 

http://www.rbgsyd.gov.au/

 

http://www.rbg.ca/cbcn/

 

http://www.anbg.gov.au/chabg/newsletter/3-july-02/

 

 

Botanical Gardens in Malaysia

 

Rimba IImu Botanic Garden

http://rimba.um.edu.my/

 

Penang Botanic Gardens

http://www.sukpp.gov.my/KebunBunga/main.html

 

Botanic Gardens Conservation International

http://www.bgci.org.uk/botanic_gardens/Fruit_germplasm_collection_Malaysia.html

 

http://www.bgci.org.uk/conservation/Conservation_Rimba_ilmu?Malaysia.html

 

 

Follow the links to other sites *

 

More Sites

 

http://www.wcs.org/

 

http://www.edf.org/

 

http://www.defenders.org/

 

http://www.wri.org/wri/wri.html

 

http://www.iucn.org/

 

http://www.unep-wcmc.org/

 

http://www.environment.gov.au/

 

http://www.dse.vic.gov.au/

 

 

 

You will find many more sites if you search the web carefully and follow the links to other sites

 

Activity

 

In a group of not more than three students, prepare a 10 minute presentation to be given to your class, in which you describe how the survival of one plant or one animal you “observed” is being assisted by ex situ conservation strategies. If possible, use some images to illustrate your presentation.